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Thread: How do I avoid trashing my LiPo batteries?

  1. #1

    Question How do I avoid trashing my LiPo batteries?

    Hello,

    I think I killed my 3S LiPo battery. I've been using it in my hexapod to run 24 AX-12A servos and a RaspberryPi, which I figured was alright, since the Continuous Discharge is listed as 66A on the product page. But after I (rather foolishly) ran it until the servos died, my charger says "Battery Vol Err, Cell Connect":



    And when I check the voltage, one of the cells is all the way down to 1.16v:



    Oops. I've read that it's important not to let LiPo cells fall below 3.0v, which I've gone and done, so I'm guessing that this battery is done for. My question is, how should I avoid doing this in future? Should I hook up some kind of low-voltage cutoff? (Do most LiPo robots have this?) Or should I be using a different battery for this project?

    Thanks!

  2. #2
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    Re: How do I avoid trashing my LiPo batteries?

    Well for starters you probably need one of these. http://www.trossenrobotics.com/p/1-8...r-monitor.aspx

    As far as the setup itself and that battery it is probably fine. I ran a raspberry pi on my hexapod last year and never had a problem. I run an Intel NUC now with a voltage upconverter and never had a problem with that either.

    You might be able to resurrect it by doing a non balance charge for a few minutes until the voltage gets high enough to balance charge it. Although do that very carefully... might want to google that before trying.

    Edit: you could always poll the servos for voltage as well to get an idea where it is at.

  3. #3

    Re: How do I avoid trashing my LiPo batteries?

    Should I hook up some kind of low-voltage cutoff? (Do most LiPo robots have this?)
    Yes, and yes!

    I killed a 3S with my Raspberry Pi based remote control panel, in much the same way: Forgot to turn it off and it ran down.

    I now turn off power using a small circuit that contains a power MOSFET, that gets pulled high by a Atmega85. The Raspberry Pi continually receives voltage measurements from this Atmega over SPI. When the voltage is lower than 9.6V, the Atmega will turn off power. The RPi can also soft power off (through the UI) by sending a command over SPI.

    It used to be that you could buy little cut-off circuits from hobby stores, when LiPo was new, but that function was subsumed into the ESCs for electric motors, so I haven't found any good ones lately.

    Here's the latest incarnation (added a power-off button, in addition to the existing power-on button): https://oshpark.com/projects/sB57IxNv

    And finally: The 24 servos each measure the voltage as well. You could poll them, and when voltage is low, "do something." (Here's where the remote-operated power breaker is very convenient :-)
    Last edited by jwatte; 12-13-2014 at 10:26 PM.

  4. #4

    Re: How do I avoid trashing my LiPo batteries?

    Been there, done that!

    Personally I have killed at least two batteries. After looking at Net I decided it was cheaper to buy a new one than to risk fire and explosion.

    jwatte and KevinO have much better solutions than I have tried. Some of the things I do NOW include:

    Try to remember to plug in the Alarm to the battery balance plug (wish you could just leave them plugged in).

    Code in Phoenix(Hexapod code), Tries to detect current voltage, if it gets below a threshold, it turns the servos off.

    With my PhantomX (using Phoenix code) goes into idle mode (example controller turned off), I start to go around and blinking the different servos leds as to let me know it still has power. I kill a battery earlier thinking I had powered it off and had not...

    I am currently in the process of Installing an Edison on the PhantomX (have it mounted, now working on power Hub...) Will continue to do as above. In addition I will:
    a) Probably use a TFT display, which will show the battery level along with some other stuff. Will have code to measure the battery voltage (The Arduino breakout board has AtoD hardware), so will measure batteries through voltage divider.
    b) like earlier when it gets to a threshold, warn and then shut off servos.
    c) When it goes even lower, have it issue a "shutdown now" command to Edison to have it power itself off.

    Good Luck
    Kurt

  5. #5

    Re: How do I avoid trashing my LiPo batteries?

    I didn't notice that the Dynamixels could report their voltage -- that's very handy. (These servos really are quite fantastic little devices.) For now, I'll just poll that regularly, and power everything down when it hits 10v or so. I'm using my own software, but I expect that's pretty simple to implement. I'll probably add a dedicated cutoff circuit eventually, but that's a bit beyond me for the time being.

    Having Googled around and found mostly dire warnings and photos of exploding LiPos, I'm going to let this be a lesson and just order a new one. Also one of those voltage tester/monitors.

    Thanks very much for the advice!

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    Re: How do I avoid trashing my LiPo batteries?

    Simplest way to read it is to shunt the AX_PRESENT_VOLTAGE register (I use servo 1) into a variable.

  7. #7

    Re: How do I avoid trashing my LiPo batteries?

    I may have to look using one of your boards (maybe more) as I do have a history of killing Lipos (including one 2 days ago on Edison :0

    Thought I had turned off the switch when done testing, but did not...

    I did do a "shutdown now" to the edison board, which turned it off, but it does not shut off power to shields on their Arduino board, so XBee still had power as did the TFT display as well as the 18 AX servos, although their motors were turned off.

    So wondering about a few different products, like:
    https://www.dimensionengineering.com...cts/liposhield

    http://www.amazon.com/Protection-Cir...ds=lipo+cutoff


    http://www.amazon.com/Draganflyer-Di.../dp/B000PQHNLI

    In the mean time I think I will start adding some more automatic shutoff code, and see if I can at least minimize stuff when I screw up.

    Kurt

  8. #8

    Re: How do I avoid trashing my LiPo batteries?

    The Dimension Engineering one seems to only detect and affect throttle -- it doesn't go in-line in power distribution.

    The Tenergy one seems better, although it looks as if it expects to be the main battery controller -- the balance connector is not high enough current.
    It also has this: Current consume in normal operation: 40μA Max
    Meaning you can't leave it for months.

    The Draganfly looks like it's not sized for cutting the main motor power -- it assumes that with a receiver off, the other things will also be off. (Which can be arranged through a separate MOSFET no doubt.)

    Your best bet is probably the Tenergy PCB. But I think you can see why I ended up building my own? :-)


  9. #9
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    Re: How do I avoid trashing my LiPo batteries?

    I've been working with this board: http://www.mini-box.com/OpenUPS Take a look.

  10. #10

    Re: How do I avoid trashing my LiPo batteries?

    I was wondering about the DE version as it mentioned changing the throttle and the like but did not notice any cutoff. I have seen a few up theire like the Tenergy and also was concerned about those who hooked up through the balance plug, as you mentioned, it too can drain the battery.

    You are right that the Dragonfly would only be good enough to cut the power to the actual Edison board. I think I may also have a few other things like: http://www.basicmicro.com/Radio-Cont...elay_p_44.html
    And maybe some of the DI versions.

    Wonder how many amps the 18 AX servos demand.

    Kevin, they board you have looks pretty nice. Not sure from the online specs, will it completely shutdown the power from the battery when it gets too low? I notice it mentions sending signals to pc over USB. Costs about double of the Edison itself... But well definitely keep it in mind if I try to use the NUC.

    So Jwatte I may have to take a closer look at your board!

    Kurt

    P.S - I wonder why they don't sell some intelligent lipo battery that protects itself. I do see a few that automatically do balancing of the charge...

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